• Library Herald

Developing Taxonomies and Ontologies Using Ranganathan's Facet Analysis Approach

Library Herald Year : 2021, Volume : 59, Issue : 3 First page : ( 31) Last page : ( 41) Print ISSN : 0024-2292. Online ISSN : 0976-2469. Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-2469.2021.00020.8

Developing Taxonomies and Ontologies Using Ranganathan's Facet Analysis Approach

Gujral Garima Taxonomist, Walmart Global Tech, Bengaluru, India Abstract The paradigm of facet analysis developed by Dr. S.R. Ranganathan has been the backbone of futuristic approaches to build knowledge organization tools and taxonomies. Disparate pieces of information in the form of metadata have the potential to form and depict meaningful relationships as useful sources of information. Organizing and structuring disparate pieces of information is primarily done by knowledge managers, taxonomists and ontologists across organizations. Ranganathan gave library science its own vocabulary, “facet”, “isolate”, “phase”, “focus” that are used for technical services. Facet analysis is a process that involves analysis of a subject or a domain into its facets based on a set of postulates, canons and principles. This article throws light on the application of facet analysis for developing knowledge organization tools such as contemporary e-commerce product taxonomies and ontologies. Facet analysis is designed on the core idea of the natural way of thinking and understanding information. This study traces the relevance and importance of Ranganathan's approaches of classification as a basis in developing taxonomies and ontologies. Keywords Knowledge Organization, Taxonomy, Facet Analysis, Dr S.R. Ranganathan, Information Organization, Ontology, Semantic Web.

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